Students At Most Colleges Don’t Pick ‘Useless’ Majors

Growing up in a low-income household in Clifton, New Jersey, Vini Mehta saw one path to a better future: a college degree. Knowing that she would have to pay tuition herself, she chose the New Jersey Institute of Technology, a public university that was affordable and close enough to home that she could live with her parents during part of her time in school. She was equally practical when it came to picking a major: She studied electrical and computer engineering technology, a field that she knew offered a high starting salary.

Mehta’s college experience wasn’t easy. She took six years to earn a degree, working one and sometimes two part-time jobs while taking classes. But the hard work paid off. She graduated in May and quickly landed a job as a programming analyst at UPS, making around $72,000 a year.

Ian Speers also graduated from college this spring, but he took a very different path to get there. Growing up in an affluent family in Wellesley, Massachusetts, Speers was encouraged by his parents to see his time as an undergraduate as a chance to explore his passions and interests. He went to Dartmouth, an elite private college that he chose because of its supportive faculty, scenic environment and student body that represented a wide range of backgrounds and experiences. He double-majored in social and cultural anthropology and psychology — a decision that was likewise not driven by financial factors. Speers is now working at a global health and disaster response nonprofit group based in Connecticut and plans to attend graduate school after gaining some work experience.

The vastly different college paths that Mehta and Speers took illustrate an obvious point that is nonetheless often overlooked in discussions of higher education: Students attend college for different reasons. Some, like Mehta, see college primarily as a financial decision, an investment that they hope will have a relatively short-term payoff. Others, like Speers, may hope that a degree will bring financial rewards, but their focus is more on the intellectual and social aspects of the college experience. (Others, of course, seek both.) Those different goals affect where students go to college and what they do once they get there.

These varied approaches to college are clear from the fields that students at different colleges choose to study. According to data from the federal Education Department, students at elite universities are more likely to pursue degrees in the humanities, arts and social sciences than students at less selective schools, who tend to choose majors that are more likely to lead to an immediate, well-paying job.1

The most popular fields of study among students at the most selective schools are the social sciences, with 19 percent of degrees awarded in majors such as political science, economics and sociology. The next two most popular groups of majors are the biological and biomedical sciences and engineering. At less selective schools, the most common fields of study are related to business (the Education Department calls this category “business, management, marketing and related support services”), with 19 percent of degrees awarded in those majors. The next most popular group is “health professions and related programs.”

Career-focused majors — such as business, education and journalism — are more prevalent at less selective schools than at top-tier schools. Education ranks as the fifth most popular major at less selective schools but is the 21st most popular major at the most selective schools. Other vocation-specific majors such as law enforcement are also more popular at less selective schools.2 In total, more than half of students at less selective schools major in career-focused subjects; at elite schools, less than a quarter of students do so.3

Most popular majors at …

Less selective colleges

MAJOR SHARE OF DEGREES
1 Business, management, marketing and related support services 19.3%
2 Health professions and related programs 11.9
3 Psychology 6.5
4 Social sciences 6.3
5 Education 5.7
6 Biological and biomedical sciences 5.5
7 Engineering 5.2
8 Communication, journalism and related programs 5.1
9 Visual and performing arts 4.8
10 Homeland security, law enforcement, firefighting and related protective service 3.5

More selective colleges

MAJOR SHARE OF DEGREES
1 Social sciences 19.4%
2 Biological and biomedical sciences 10.1
3 Engineering 10.1
4 Business, management, marketing and related support services 9.8
5 Psychology 6.3
6 Visual and performing arts 5.6
7 Health professions and related programs 3.8
8 Computer and information sciences and support services 3.6
9 Physical sciences 3.6
10 English language and literature/letters 3.5

Selectivity is based on Barron’s selectivity index.

Sources: U.S. Department of Education, Barron’s

These numbers run counter to the common stereotype of students majoring in “useless” subjects and complaining when they can’t find jobs. In fact, comparatively few students at less selective schools — the vast majority of U.S. college students and the ones most likely to be pursuing degrees primarily for their career benefits — major in these less practical fields.

Jennie Brand, a sociology professor at UCLA whose research focuses on the impact of and access to higher education, said that attending college is a big financial sacrifice for many lower-income students. “So the actual job payoff becomes more front and center relative to students who have always thought they would go to college,” Brand said. The most common category of majors for students in less selective schools — business, management, marketing and related support services — is a prime example. The median annual earnings for recent business graduates is $37,000, which is slightly higher than the median salary of all majors, according to a 2015 report from Georgetown University’s Center on Education and the Workforce.

And the business major is significant in another way: Relatively few business majors go on to graduate school. Just 22 percent of students who major in business or related fields go on to earn a graduate degree, according to the Georgetown report. That’s a smaller share than any other category of majors that the report examined except for communications and journalism. A graduate degree — especially a professional degree such as an MBA or a law degree — can provide a big boost to students’ earnings, but they also take time and money to earn.

Brad Hershbein, an economist at the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, said students who major in business are less likely to want to go to graduate school “not so much because they can’t get in [but] because they are more likely to end up in a job where it is not necessary, which is probably a lot of reasons why people study it in the first place.”

At the other end of the spectrum, many students at elite universities expect to go to graduate school. That can make their choice of undergraduate major matter less, since they will have a chance to earn a more professionally useful degree in graduate school.4 And even when they don’t pursue an advanced degree, graduates of elite schools may find that their choice of major matters less in the job market than the name of the school they attended — a Harvard degree can open doors even if it isn’t in a directly relevant field. That may help explain why social sciences is a popular field of study at more selective schools. Recent social sciences graduates earn a median salary of $33,000, which is lower than the earnings of STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) and business majors.

But students at top schools are not just pursuing the humanities and social sciences at higher rates than students at less selective schools; they are also studying hard sciences and engineering at higher rates as well. STEM jobs tend to be well-paying, but many fields require graduate education to advance, which may make lower-income students reluctant to pursue STEM degrees (nearly 58 percent of biology and life sciences majors go on to earn graduate degrees). Also, Hershbein said, some students at less selective schools may shy away from STEM majors because they haven’t had the preparation they need during high school.

But while focusing on more practical majors — such as business — may seem like the best route in the short term, majoring in the humanities may be more beneficial in the long term. In the first years after graduation, social sciences and humanities majors earn less than people who have pre-professional degrees, but at peak earning ages, liberal arts majors surpass people in pre-professional degrees, in part because they are more likely to have graduate degrees. After people who focused on the social sciences and humanities as undergraduates attend graduate school, they may end up working as lawyers or professors, which are high-paying professions.

“Selective college is sort of like an intellectual summer camp for a lot of people because they don’t intend to stop, so for a lot of advantaged people, they get their job training in graduate school,” said Anthony Carnevale, director at the Georgetown’s Center on Education and the Workforce.

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中国空軍司令官「日本海は日本の海ではない」

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中国空軍司令官、日本の防衛白書に反発「日本海は日本の海ではない」

2017年8月10日、中国空軍の馬暁天(マー・シャオティエン)司令官(空軍上将)は、日本が2017年版の防衛白書で中国の東・南シナ海での活動の拡大に懸念を示し、中国海軍艦艇と爆撃機などが今年1月に日本海で共同訓練を実施したことを踏まえ、今後、日本海での活動が強まると予測したことについて、「日本海は日本の海ではない」と述べ反発した。環球網が伝えた。

馬司令官は吉林省長春で記者団に対し「目下、中国空軍の日本海での活動は多い方ではない。日本は話を誇張している」とした上で、「日本海は日本の海ではない」と強調。
「中国の海上での訓練は必ず行わなければならないものだ。中国空軍はずっと地上にとどまっていることはあり得ない」と述べた。



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上場2年半で上場廃止リーチの牡蠣屋ゼネラル・オイスター、各方面にお詫びとご支援のお願いと暑さ厳しき折のご自愛をお祈り






2017/08/14 15:45 ゼネラル・オイスター
平成30年3月期第1四半期報告書の提出遅延及び監理銘柄(確認中)への指定見込みに関するお知らせ
http://contents.xj-storage.jp/xcontents/AS96031/7fbb0ba6/dc2c/4dea/9e26/483787390c2c/140120170814456351.pdf
14





01


オイスター 月足
※牡蠣屋の怖い上場ゴールチャート


2017/08/14 (14:38作成) ゼネラル・オイスター 本日の開示について
http://contents.xj-storage.jp/xcontents/AS96031/8a9de0a8/0190/47d7/8c2e/39334310ea29/20170814154102903s.pdf
20170814


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Malaysian princess marries Dutchman in lavish ceremony

The daughter of one of Malaysia’s most powerful sultans married her Dutch fiancé on Monday in a lavish ceremony steeped in centuries of tradition.

Princess Tunku Tun Aminah Sultan Ibrahim, 31, the only daughter of the Sultan of Johor, tied the knot with Dennis Muhammad Abdullah, 28, following a three-year romance.

The Dutchman, who has converted to Islam, and the princess were married according to Muslim Malay custom at the Serene Hill Palace, the royal family’s…

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【緊急拡散】韓国人がネット掲示板で日本人を人質にすると話し合ってるらしいぞ!!! 今すぐ在韓邦人に避難するよう伝えろ!!!

【緊急拡散】韓国人がネット掲示板で日本人を人質にすると話し合ってるらしいぞ!!! 今すぐ在韓邦人に避難するよう伝えろ!!!



posted by



211 :名無しさん@1周年:2017/08/13(日) 19:14:08.48 ID:8XAQdUeh0.net
韓国国内に自分の家族親戚、
友人知人が住んでいる日本人の人達に言っておきたい。
有事になったら、彼らは日本への帰国を強く望むだろう。
しかし、それは殆ど無理と考えた方がいい。

何故ならば、韓国人達は

韓国国内にいる日本人を
いざと言う時のための
人質にするため、

韓国国内に出さないように考えている。
これは、俺の妄想ではなく、

実際、韓国の
インターネット掲示板で
会話されている話なんだ。

韓国人達は、自分達に逃げ場がないことを知っている。
だから、究極の状況において

日本が韓国を見捨てないよう在韓日本人達を
人質にしておこうと考えているんだ。

だから、韓国に自分の大切な人達がいる人は、今直ぐ、

彼ら在韓日本人に日本へ帰国するよう説得した方がいい。
⇒続きはこちら
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軍事オプション、北朝鮮制裁が失敗に終わった場合の措置=米軍

[ソウル 14日 ロイター] - 韓国青瓦台(大統領府)によると、ソウルを訪問した米軍制服組トップのダンフォード統合参謀本部議長は14日、文在寅(ムン・ジェイン)大統領と会談し、米国の北朝鮮に対する軍事オプションは、外交上や経済上の制裁が失敗に終わった場合を念頭に置いて準備されていると述べた。
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Floods, landslides kill 165 across India, Nepal and Bangladesh with fears of more torrential rains to come

At least 165 people have died and thousands have fled their homes as monsoon floods swept across Nepal, India and Bangladesh, officials said on Monday, warning the toll could rise as the extent of the damage becomes clear.
Three days of relentless downpours caused the flash floods and landslides, which killed at least 70 in Nepal and 73 across northern and eastern India, and 22 in Bangladesh.
About 200,000 people are now living in emergency camps in Assam in northeast India, which suffers…

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Thai police’s joke mistress memo goes viral

By Prasit Tangprasert and Wassayog Ngamkham

Police in a Thai city have said that a sergeant’s memo saying he had to miss a daily national anthem session in order to take his mistress on a business trip was a practical joke played by his colleagues.

The memo, dated Sunday and written by Pol Sen Sgt Maj Amnuay Waifah of Soeng Sang police station in Nakhon Ratchasima to his boss, has been widely circulated on social media.

It says he decided not to attend the morning gathering…

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もしかして嫌われてる? 中国を訪れる外国人が増えないワケ

経済的に豊かになった中国では、大型連休のたびに多くの人が国外に旅行に出かける。中国人の旺盛な消費意欲は渡航先の国々に大きな経済効果をもたらしており、日本も中国人旅行客による恩恵を受けている国の1つだ。

海外旅行に出かける中国人が増加する一方で、中国を訪れる外国人の数は伸び悩んでいるようだ。中国メディアの観察者は8日、中国を訪れる外国人の数はなぜ少ないのかと疑問を投げかける記事を掲載した。

記事は、「お金と時間があるから」というのが、中国人が海外旅行に出かける動機の1つとなっていることを指摘し、2015年に中国から出国した中国人の数はのべ1億28000万人と、日本の人口とほぼ同等だったことを指摘。海外旅行に出かける中国人の数が年を追うごとに増えているものの、中国を訪れる外国人旅行客の伸びは年1%程度にとどまり、「ほとんど伸びていないのが現実」と紹介。中国を訪れる外国人の伸びは、出国する中国人の伸びと鮮明な対比をなしていることを伝えた。

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